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How Traumatic Brain Injuries Occur

Traumatic brain injuries cause 30% of all injury deaths in America and the Centers for Disease Control estimate roughly 150 deaths each day are caused by brain injury. While a loss of consciousness is a strong indicator of brain injury, it is not necessary and concussions represent the largest category of brain injury. Nearly three million people seek emergency room treatment for traumatic brain injures annually in the United States and many more go untreated. The age demographics at highest risk for brain injuries are toddlers, teenagers, and senior citizens. Following is a discussion of classifications and causes of brain injuries commonly involved in injury claims and litigation.

Mild Brain Injuries / Concussions

Concussions are mild brain injuries caused by any blow or severe shaking of the head which causing the brain, which is soft tissue, to impact the bony cranium which houses and protects every human’s gray matter. Concussion symptoms include dizziness, blurred vision, headaches, memory loss and confusion and not every symptom is present with every person. If a concussion is suspected, medical treatment should be sought immediately to determine whether there is bleeding or swelling inside the brain. Concussion symptoms typically subside over days or weeks, but having one makes the occurrence of future concussions more likely and more serious.

Moderate and Severe Brain Injuries

Moderate brain injuries are classified by medical professionals as having a loss of consciousness of between twenty minutes and six hours accompanied by symptoms that may include headaches, memory loss, mood changes, fatigue, or dizziness. Any loss of consciousness should be followed with emergency medical attention as soon as possible.

Severe brain injuries are classified as those involving head trauma and a loss of consciousness of over six hours accompanied by symptoms that can include seizures, brain bleeding, and the loss of major functioning capacities.

Auto Crashes

Automobile accidents cause roughly 280,000 brain injuries every year. Side impact collisions are most likely to cause brain injury than front or rear impact. Pedestrians commonly suffer brain injuries after impacting the ground. Wearing a seat belt reduces the risk of brain injury by limiting the potential field of motion for drivers and passengers after a crash. In addition to neck injuries, brain trauma can be sustained with the violent forward and backward whipping action that occurs in rear end collisions.

Pedestrian Impact and Traumatic Falls

Whenever a pedestrian is knocked over by a vehicle, there is an extremely high risk of brain injury from hard contact against pavement or concrete. Similarly, individuals who slip and fall on ice or while shopping are at high risk for brain injuries if they are unable to break the fall before hitting their head.

Anyone suffering a traumatic blow to the head or violent shaking accompanied by headaches, dizziness or other symptoms listed above should seek immediate medical attention to ascertain the nature and extent of damages. If negligence is suspected as a cause for the injury, an experienced New York personal injury lawyer should be consulted as soon as possible.

Call Levine and Wiss today.